I’ve deployed quite a few Nutanix solutions over the last few years. Each deployment is slightly different, whether its been installing it with AVH, ESXi, installing directly with customer switches or using an unmanaged switch for the initial deployment.
I thought I would go through the installation process using an unmanaged switch.
Before deployment check the compatibility matrix to ensure you aren’t going to hit any snags down the line.With Nutanix this is a pretty straightforward process and can be found here: https://portal.nutanix.com/page/documents/compatibility-matrix/hardware
Foundation is a tool which allows you to deploy and configure a bare-metal environment from start-to-end. Foundation software can be found at: https://portal.nutanix.com/#/page/Foundation . Nutanix recommendation is to always use the VM image so I will be using the “Standalone Foundation VM image for importing into VirtualBox or ESXi”
Download the AOS version. Nutanix release short-term-support (STS) and Long-term-supported (LTS) versions. I would normally select the latest LTS. If you are installing AHV, you can download it from the Nutanix portal, VMware portal if you are using ESXi
As I am using an unmanaged switch which does not support IPv6 I will be assigning the IP address to the IPMI ports manually. https://portal.nutanix.com/page/documents/details/?targetId=Field-Installation-Guide-v4-0:v40-node-set-ipmi-address-t.html
Next is to install the Foundation VM image into either VMware Workstation on Virtualbox. Once the OVF has been deployed and powered on you can log in with the default username (nutanix) and password (nutanix/4u).
Once logged in assign an IP address to the virtual machine, in order to do this click on “set_foundation_ip_address” and click on “run in Terminal”
As the IPMI and CVM/host NIC’s will on separate VLANs I add a 2nd NIC to the foundation VM, and configured one NIC with an IP address on the IPMI VLAN and the other NIC with an IP on the CVM/Host VLAN. This is a very important step, IPMI and the CVM/host’s need to communicate during the foundation phase or the installation will fail.
Once all IP’s have been configured, connect the IPMI ports and one additional ethernet port from each node to the unmanaged switch. Don’t forget to connect the laptop you are using to the unmanaged switch. Ping each of the IPMI ports to ensure connectivity. If you are unable to connect to the IPMI ports you will need to troubleshoot this before continuing to the next step.
Once you are able to connect to all IPMI ports you can launch the Nutanix installer, which can either be done on the installation VM or locally on the laptop. http://installationVMIPaddress:8000/gui/index.html
The installer in broken down into 6 sections:
As we are using an unmanaged switch we couldn’t add the separate VLAN’s for OOB management and CVM/Host, therefore on the “Start” screen under point 6 “To assign a VLAN to host/CVM’s enter a tag” you add “0”. Fill in the rest of the details Do not skip the validation at the end of the page as this would highlight any potential issues.
Once all validation is complete go to the next page “nodes” as you are using an unmanaged switch you will need to add the nodes manually.
Add the number of blocks and nodes for your environment and select the section that you have configured the IPMI ports.
Complete all the IP addresses for the IPMI, CVM and hosts, adding all hostnames
On the cluster screen fill in all the required details including:
- Cluster name
- Time Zone
- Redundancy factor
- Cluster Virtual IP
- NTP servers (Nutanix recommend adding five)
- CVM vRam
Next is to upload the AOS version which you downloaded previously, if you have launched the installer wizard on the installation VM, you will need to copy the AOS software to the installer, otherwise you can browse to the AOS file and upload it.
Follow the same steps with the Hypervisor, selecting the hypervisor and uploading the ISO.
Lastly fill in the IPMI credentials, in order to do this, click on tools and select the hardware vendor, this will automatically fill in the username and password.
Once everything has been filled in click start for the cluster creation. One the installtion process has started you can click on the logs for each node/host to see the progress.
If the deployment gets stuck after a few mins with the message “INFO waiting for remote node to boot into phoenix, this may take 20 mins” then you most likely have a routing issues between the IPMI and CVM/Host network.
Once all nodes have been configured the cluster will automatically be created as the final installation step.
If you are moving the nodes onto the customers network then stop the cluster services, configure all relevant VLAN’s on each host and CVM. Once all the nodes have been connected to the network, ensure you can connect to all the hosts and CVM’s, before starting the cluster again.
Nutanix has made deploying a cluster pretty stress free, provided you have checked the compatibility matrix and the networking is correct.